Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Epilepsy Res. 2016 Jul;123:55-67. doi: 10.1016/j.eplepsyres.2016.04.007. Epub 2016 Apr 25.

Dual mechanisms of rapid expression of anxiety-related behavior in pilocarpine-treated epileptic mice.

Author information

1
Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan. Electronic address: otsuka.z6@keio.jp.
2
Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan. Electronic address: hyakumankaiikitaneko8@gmail.com.
3
Department of Biochemistry, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan. Electronic address: mitakura@med.kitasato-u.ac.jp.
4
Department of Psychiatry, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Asamizodai, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0380, Japan. Electronic address: nabesige@kitasato-u.ac.jp.
5
Department of Biochemistry, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan. Electronic address: yamamori@med.kitasato-u.ac.jp.
6
Department of Psychiatry, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Asamizodai, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0380, Japan. Electronic address: yuukirf4@fancy.ocn.ne.jp.
7
Department of Psychiatry, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Asamizodai, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0380, Japan. Electronic address: 7n2ecx@mtf.biglobe.ne.jp.
8
Department of Psychiatry, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 2-1-1 Asamizodai, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0380, Japan. Electronic address: miyaoka@med.kitasato-u.ac.jp.
9
Kitasato University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan; Department of Biochemistry, Kitasato University School of Medicine, 1-15-1 Kitasato, Minami-ku, Sagamihara-shi, Kanagawa 252-0374, Japan. Electronic address: masami@med.kitasato-u.ac.jp.

Abstract

A mouse model of epilepsy was generated by inducing status epilepticus (SE) for either 1.5 or 4.5h with pilocarpine to study anxiety-related behaviors, changes in the electroencephalogram of the cerebral cortex and hippocampus, and expression of hippocampal proteins. The viability and rate of success of SE induction were high in C57BL/6N mice but not in C57BL/6J mice. C57BL/6N mice were immotile during the first 2days after SE; however, by the third day, most mice were recovered and exhibited strong anxiety-related behaviors in response to the light/dark preference test and open field test. There was a striking difference in the temporal appearance of anxiety-related behavior between the two SE durations: 1.5h SE mice exhibited strong anxiety-related behavior 3days after SE that gradually attenuated over the next few weeks, whereas 4.5h SE mice exhibited strong anxiety-related behavior 3days after SE that persisted even at nearly 1year after SE. Mice receiving both SE durations exhibited generalized seizures (GS) after SE; however, there was a marked difference in the timing and duration of GS appearance. Mice in the 4.5h SE group exhibited spontaneous GS from 4days to at least 96days after SE. In contrast, mice in the 1.5h SE group exhibited GS only within the first several days after SE; however, epileptic spike clusters continuously appeared in the cerebral cortex and hippocampus for up to twelve days after SE. Among the hippocampal proteins tested, only brain derived-neurotrophic factor (BDNF) exhibited altered expression in parallel with anxiety-related behavior. These results showed the possibility that BDNF expression in the hippocampus might cause anxiety-related behavior in adulthood.

KEYWORDS:

Anxiety-like behavior; BDNF; Brain-derived neurotrophic factor; Electroencephalogram; Epilepsy; Pilocarpine

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center