Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Prog Brain Res. 2016;225:243-68. doi: 10.1016/bs.pbr.2016.03.010. Epub 2016 Apr 11.

Exercise and cerebrovascular plasticity.

Author information

1
Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address: t-nishijima@tmu.ac.jp.
2
Cajal Institute, Madrid, Spain.
3
University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

Aging impairs cerebrovascular plasticity and subsequently leads cerebral hypoperfusion, which synergistically accelerates aging-associated cognitive dysfunction and neurodegenerative diseases associated with impaired neuronal plasticity. On the other hand, over two decades of researches have successfully demonstrated that exercise, or higher level of physical activity, is a powerful and nonpharmacological approach to improve brain function. Most of the studies have focused on the neuronal aspects and found that exercise triggers improvements in neuronal plasticity, such as neurogenesis; however, exercise can improve cerebrovascular plasticity as well. In this chapter, to understand these beneficial effects of exercise on the cerebral vasculature, we first discuss the issue of changes in cerebral blood flow and its regulation during acute bouts of exercise. Then, how regular exercise improves cerebrovascular plasticity will be discussed. In addition, to shed light on the importance of understanding interactions between the neuron and cerebral vasculature, we describe neuronal activity-driven uptake of circulating IGF-I into the brain.

KEYWORDS:

Angiogenesis; Exercise; IGF-I; Neurogenesis; Neurotrophic coupling; Neurovascular coupling

PMID:
27130419
DOI:
10.1016/bs.pbr.2016.03.010
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center