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PLoS One. 2016 Apr 29;11(4):e0154564. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0154564. eCollection 2016.

mTOR Inhibition Attenuates Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colitis by Suppressing T Cell Proliferation and Balancing TH1/TH17/Treg Profile.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology, Ruijin hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR China.
2
Department of Surgery, Cancer hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, PR China.
3
Department of Surgery, Ruijin hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine, Shanghai, PR China.
4
Department of Hepatobiliary-Pancreatic Surgery, Zhejiang Provincial People's Hospital, Hangzhou, Zhejiang Province, PR China.

Abstract

It has been established that mammalian target of Rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitors have anti-inflammatory effects in models of experimental colitis. However, the underlying mechanism is largely unknown. In this research, we investigate the anti-inflammatory effects of AZD8055, a potent mTOR inhibitor, on T cell response in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice, a commonly used animal model of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD). Severity of colitis is evaluated by changing of body weight, bloody stool, fecal consistency, histology evaluation and cytokine expression. We find that AZD8055 treatment attenuates DSS-induced body weight loss, colon length shortening and pathological damage of the colon. And AZD8055 treatment decreases colonic expression of genes encoding the pro-inflammatory cytokines interferon-γ, interleukin (IL)-17A, IL-1β,IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor(TNF)-a and increases colonic expression of anti-inflammatory cytokines IL-10. We show that AZD8055 treatment decreases the percentages of CD4+ T cells and CD8+ T cells in spleen, lymph nodes and peripheral blood of mice. We also find that AZD8055 treatment significantly reduces the number of T helper 1(TH1) cells and TH17 cells and increases regulatory T (Treg) cells in the lamina propria and mesenteric lymph nodes. Furthermore, we demonstrates that AZD8055 suppresses the proliferation of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and the differentiation of TH1/TH17 cells and expands Treg cells in vitro. The results suggest that, in experimental colitis, AZD8055 exerts anti-inflammatory effect by regulating T helper cell polarization and proliferation.

PMID:
27128484
PMCID:
PMC4851424
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0154564
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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