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Naturwissenschaften. 2016 Jun;103(5-6):43. doi: 10.1007/s00114-016-1362-3. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

A glutathione S-transferase gene associated with antioxidant properties isolated from Apis cerana cerana.

Author information

1
State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of China.
2
College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of China.
3
State Key Laboratory of Crop Biology, College of Life Sciences, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of China. xqguo@sdau.edu.cn.
4
College of Animal Science and Technology, Shandong Agricultural University, Tai'an, Shandong, 271018, People's Republic of China. bhxu@sdau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) are an important family of multifunctional enzymes in aerobic organisms. They play a crucial role in the detoxification of exogenous compounds, especially insecticides, and protection against oxidative stress. Most previous studies of GSTs in insects have largely focused on their role in insecticide resistance. Here, we isolated a theta class GST gene designated AccGSTT1 from Apis cerana cerana and aimed to explore its antioxidant and antibacterial attributes. Analyses of homology and phylogenetic relationships suggested that the predicted amino acid sequence of AccGSTT1 shares a high level of identity with the other hymenopteran GSTs and that it was conserved during evolution. Quantitative real-time PCR showed that AccGSTT1 is most highly expressed in adult stages and that the expression profile of this gene is significantly altered in response to various abiotic stresses. These results were confirmed using western blot analysis. Additionally, a disc diffusion assay showed that a recombinant AccGSTT1 protein may be roughly capable of inhibiting bacterial growth and that it reduces the resistance of Escherichia coli cells to multiple adverse stresses. Taken together, these data indicate that AccGSTT1 may play an important role in antioxidant processes under adverse stress conditions.

KEYWORDS:

Adverse stress; Antibacterial property; Antioxidant property; Apis cerana cerana; Glutathione S-transferase

PMID:
27126403
DOI:
10.1007/s00114-016-1362-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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