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Ups J Med Sci. 2016 May;121(2):81-95. doi: 10.3109/03009734.2016.1164769. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Pancreatic islet blood flow and its measurement.

Author information

1
a Department of Medical Cell Biology , Uppsala University , Uppsala , Sweden ;
2
b Department of Medical Sciences , Uppsala University , Uppsala , Sweden.

Abstract

Pancreatic islets are richly vascularized, and islet blood vessels are uniquely adapted to maintain and support the internal milieu of the islets favoring normal endocrine function. Islet blood flow is normally very high compared with that to the exocrine pancreas and is autonomously regulated through complex interactions between the nervous system, metabolites from insulin secreting β-cells, endothelium-derived mediators, and hormones. The islet blood flow is normally coupled to the needs for insulin release and is usually disturbed during glucose intolerance and overt diabetes. The present review provides a brief background on islet vascular function and especially focuses on available techniques to measure islet blood perfusion. The gold standard for islet blood flow measurements in experimental animals is the microsphere technique, and its advantages and disadvantages will be discussed. In humans there are still no methods to measure islet blood flow selectively, but new developments in radiological techniques hold great hopes for the future.

KEYWORDS:

Blood flow measurements; islet blood flow; microspheres; pancreatic islets

PMID:
27124642
PMCID:
PMC4900068
DOI:
10.3109/03009734.2016.1164769
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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