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Planta Med. 2016 Sep;82(14):1266-73. doi: 10.1055/s-0042-104418. Epub 2016 Apr 28.

Pharmacological and Toxicological Studies of Essential Oil of Lavandula stoechas subsp. luisieri.

Author information

1
Departamento de Química, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal.
2
ICAAM - Instituto de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais Mediterrânicas, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal.
3
Departamento de Biologia, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal.
4
Departamento de Planeamento, Ambiente e Ordenamento, Escola de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal.

Abstract

The present study was carried out to evaluate the chemical and pharmacological properties of the essential oil of Lavandula stoechas subsp. luisieri, which is a spontaneous shrub widespread in Alentejo (Portugal). Oxygenated monoterpenes, such as 1,8-cineole, lavandulol, and necrodane derivatives, are the main components of essential oil. It revealed important antioxidant activity with a high ability to inhibit lipid peroxidation and showed an outstanding effect against a wide spectrum of microorganisms, such as gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria and pathogenic yeasts. The analgesic effect studied in rats was dose dependent, reaching a maximum of 67 % at 60 min with the dose of 200 mg/kg and the anti-inflammatory activity with this dose caused an inhibition in carrageenan-induced rat paw oedema (83 %) that is higher than dexamethasone 1 mg/Kg (69 %). Besides, animals exhibited normal behaviour after essential oil administration, revealing low toxicity. The essential oil of L. luisieri from Alentejo presents important pharmacological properties and low toxicity, and is a promised candidate to be used as a food supplement or in pharmaceutical applications.

PMID:
27124241
DOI:
10.1055/s-0042-104418
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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