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Health Promot Perspect. 2016 Mar 31;6(1):31-6. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2016.05. eCollection 2016.

Relationship of work-family conflict with burnout and marital satisfaction: cross-domain or source attribution relations?

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Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Nursing, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Biostatistics, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Department of Health Management and Economics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.



The present study was conducted to examine the relationship between two dimensions of work-family conflict (WFC) with marital satisfaction and burnout in a society in which few studies have been done about the consequences of WFC.


A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2015. Surveys were distributed to 420 employed married women with various jobs living in Bushehr province, Iran. Data were collected using a questionnaire for demographic characteristic, the Netmeyer's WFC questionnaire, Maslach Burnout Inventory: General Survey (MBI-GS), and Enrich maritalsatisfaction questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.


There was a negatively significant association between work interference with family(WIF) and overall burnout as well as emotional exhaustion (P < .01). Family interference with work (FIW) was significantly associated with depersonalization (P < .01). The overall marital satisfaction and its subscales were significantly associated with WIF (P < .01) and FIW (P < .01 for overall marital satisfaction and P < .05 for its subscales).


In terms of practical implication, to avoid creating disadvantages of WIF and FIW,facilitation in two domains of improving work and family conditions can be a useful means to prevent WFC and its consequences.


Burnout; Marital satisfaction; Work-family conflict

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