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Health Promot Perspect. 2016 Mar 31;6(1):17-22. doi: 10.15171/hpp.2016.03. eCollection 2016.

Working posture and its predictors in hospital operating room nurses.

Author information

1
Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Department of Occupational Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Human Factors Research Group, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK.
3
Road Traffic Injury Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study was conducted to evaluate working posture of operating room nurses and its relationship with demographic and job details of this group.

METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 operating room nurses in Tabriz, Iran using a questionnaire and the Rapid Entire Body Assessment (REBA) checklist. The data were analyzed with SPSS.16 using t test, Pearson correlation coefficient and analysis of variance (ANOVA) tests for univariate analysis and the linear regression test for multivariate analysis.

RESULTS:

The mean (SD) of REBA score was 7.7 (1.9), which means a high risk level and highlights an urgent need to change the working postures of the studied nurses. There was significant relationship between working posture and age (P = 0.003), gender (P = 0.003), regular daily exercise (P = 0.048), work experience (P = 0.003), number of shifts per month (P = 0.006) and type of operating rooms (P < 0.001) in univariate analyses. Gender and type of operating room were the predictors of working posture of nurses in multivariate analysis.

CONCLUSION:

The findings highlight the need for ergonomic interventions and educational programs to improve working posture of this study population, which can consequently lead to promotion of health and well-being of this group.

KEYWORDS:

Healthcare; Iran; Nursing; Postural; REBA

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