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PLoS One. 2016 Apr 27;11(4):e0127522. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0127522. eCollection 2016.

Awake, Offline Processing during Associative Learning.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology and Center for Brain Science, Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States of America.
2
Department of Psychology, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
3
Department of Psychology and Center for the Neural Basis of Cognition, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America.

Abstract

Offline processing has been shown to strengthen memory traces and enhance learning in the absence of conscious rehearsal or awareness. Here we evaluate whether a brief, two-minute offline processing period can boost associative learning and test a memory reactivation account for these offline processing effects. After encoding paired associates, subjects either completed a distractor task for two minutes or were immediately tested for memory of the pairs in a counterbalanced, within-subjects functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Results showed that brief, awake, offline processing improves memory for associate pairs. Moreover, multi-voxel pattern analysis of the neuroimaging data suggested reactivation of encoded memory representations in dorsolateral prefrontal cortex during offline processing. These results signify the first demonstration of awake, active, offline enhancement of associative memory and suggest that such enhancement is accompanied by the offline reactivation of encoded memory representations.

PMID:
27119345
PMCID:
PMC4847934
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0127522
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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