Format

Send to

Choose Destination
J Cyst Fibros. 2016 May;15(3):302-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcf.2016.04.001. Epub 2016 Apr 21.

The benefits of newborn screening for cystic fibrosis: The Canadian experience.

Author information

1
Cystic Fibrosis Canada, 2323 Yonge Street Suite 800, Toronto, M4P 2C9, Canada. Electronic address: dmak@cysticfibrosis.ca.
2
Department of Respirology, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, M5B 1W8, Canada; Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, 209 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1T8, Canada. Electronic address: SykesJ@smh.ca.
3
Department of Respirology, St. Michael's Hospital, 30 Bond Street, Toronto, M5B 1W8, Canada; Keenan Research Centre, Li Ka Shing Knowledge Institute of St. Michael's Hospital, 209 Victoria Street, Toronto, Ontario, M5B 1T8, Canada. Electronic address: StephensonA@smh.ca.
4
Meakins-Christie Laboratories, Research Institute of McGill University Health Centre, Montreal, Canada; Montreal Children's Hospital-McGill University Health Centre, Respiratory Division, Montreal, Canada. Electronic address: larry.lands@mcgill.ca.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The impact of newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) on early indicators of long-term health was evaluated in the context of government-sponsored healthcare and access to current therapies.

METHODS:

Using data from the Canadian CF Registry between 2008 and 2013, we compared the rates of respiratory infections and markers of nutritional status in those diagnosed through NBS to those who were diagnosed clinically within the same time period using Mann-Whitney and Fischer's exact test as appropriate.

RESULTS:

The study included 303 subjects, 201 in the NBS group and 102 in the non-NBS group. NBS patients were diagnosed earlier and had their first clinic visit at a younger age. Pancreatic insufficiency was less common in NBS patients. The incidence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus were lower in NBS patients. After adjusting for age at clinic visit, gender, pancreatic status, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection status, mean z-scores for weight-for-age and height-for-age were higher in NBS patients, with no differences in BMI-for-age.

CONCLUSIONS:

NBS programs for CF lead to improved long-term health outcomes for the CF population.

KEYWORDS:

Growth; Hospitalization; Infection; Newborn screening; Nutritional status

PMID:
27118577
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcf.2016.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center