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Theriogenology. 2016 Aug;86(3):766-777.e2. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2016.02.030. Epub 2016 Mar 8.

Differential abundances of four forms of Binder of SPerm 1 in the seminal plasma of Bos taurus indicus bulls with different patterns of semen freezability.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.
2
Department of Veterinary, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.
3
Department of Plant Science, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil.
4
Department of Computer Science-ICEX, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
5
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Universidade Federal de Viçosa, Viçosa, MG, Brazil. Electronic address: baracat@ufv.br.

Abstract

The Binder of SPerm 1 (BSP1) protein is involved in the fertilization and semen cryopreservation processes and is described to be both beneficial and detrimental to sperm. Previously, the relationship of BSP1 with freezability events has not been completely understood. The objective of this work was to determine the differential abundance of the forms of the BSP1 protein in cryopreserved seminal plasma of Bos taurus indicus bulls with different patterns of semen freezability using proteomics. A wide cohort of adult bulls with high genetic value from an artificial insemination center was used as donors of high quality, fresh semen. Nine bulls presenting different patterns of semen freezability were selected. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis showed differential abundance in a group of seven protein spots in the frozen/thawed seminal plasma from the bulls, ranging from 15 to 17 kDa, with pI values from 4.6 to 5.8. Four of these spots were confirmed to be BSP1 using mass spectrometry, proteomics, biochemical, and computational analysis (Tukey's test at P < 0.05). The protein spot weighing 15.52 ± 0.53 kDa with a pI value of 5.78 ± 0.12 is highlighted by its high abundance in bulls with low semen freezability and its absence in bulls presenting high semen freezability. This is the first report showing that more than two forms of BSP1 are found in the seminal plasma of Nelore adult bulls and not all animals have a similar abundance of each BSP1 form. Different BSP1 forms may be involved in different events of fertilization and the cryopreservation process.

KEYWORDS:

BSP1; Computational tools; Freezability; Nelore bulls; Proteomics; Semen cryopreservation

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