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Br J Cancer. 2016 Apr 26;114(9):1033-7. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2016.80. Epub 2016 Apr 21.

Tubal ligation and incidence of 26 site-specific cancers in the Million Women Study.

Author information

1
Cancer Epidemiology Unit, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Richard Doll Building, Roosevelt Drive, Oxford OX3 7LF, UK.
2
Nuffield Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology and The Weatherall Institute of Molecular Medicine, John Radcliffe Hospital, Headington, Oxford OX3 9DS, UK.
3
Members of the Million Women Study collaborators are listed before the references.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Tubal ligation is known to be associated with a reduction in ovarian cancer risk. Associations with breast, endometrial and cervical cancers have been suggested. We investigated associations for 26 site-specific cancers in a large UK cohort.

METHODS:

Study participants completed a questionnaire on reproductive and lifestyle factors in 1996-2001, and were followed for cancer and death via national registries. Using Cox regression models, we estimated adjusted relative risks (RRs) for 26 site-specific cancers among women with vs without tubal ligation.

RESULTS:

In 1 278 783 women without previous cancer, 167 430 incident cancers accrued during 13.8 years' follow-up. Significantly reduced risks were found in women with tubal ligation for cancers of the ovary (RR=0.80, 95% CI: 0.76-0.85; P<0.001; n=8035), peritoneum (RR=0.81, 0.66-0.98; P=0.03; n=730), and fallopian tube (RR=0.60, 0.37-0.96; P=0.04; n=168). No significant associations were found for endometrial, breast, or cervical cancers.

CONCLUSIONS:

The reduced risks of ovarian, peritoneal and fallopian tube cancers are consistent with hypotheses of a common origin for many tumours at these sites, and with the suggestion that tubal ligation blocks cells, carcinogens or other agents from reaching the ovary, fallopian tubes and peritoneal cavity.

PMID:
27115569
PMCID:
PMC4984917
DOI:
10.1038/bjc.2016.80
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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