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ASAIO J. 2016 May-Jun;62(3):340-8. doi: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000373.

Using Hemolysis as a Novel Method for Assessment of Cytotoxicity and Blood Compatibility of Decellularized Heart Tissues.

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1
From the *Department of Chemical Engineering, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; †Department of Chemistry, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; ‡Department of Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah; and §Thrombodyne, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah.

Abstract

Developing patient-specific transplantable organs is a promising response to the increasing need of more effective therapies for patients with organ failure. Advances in tissue engineering strategies have demonstrated favorable results, including the use of decellularized hearts as scaffolds for cardiac engineering; however, there is a need to establish methods to characterize the cytotoxicity and blood compatibility of cardiac extracellular matrix (cECM) scaffolds created by decellularization. In this study, porcine hearts were decellularized in an automated perfusion apparatus utilizing sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) detergent. Residual SDS was measured by a colorimetric assay. Phosphate-buffered saline, distilled water (DW), and Triton X-100 washes were used to remove SDS. The efficiency of detergent removal was measured as a function of time. It was observed that using Triton-X 100 can nearly double the rate of SDS removal. An assay based on human blood hemolysis was developed to measure the remaining cytotoxicity of the cECM. The results from the hemolysis cytotoxicity assay were consistent with a standard live/dead assay using MS1 endothelial cells incubated with the cECM. This study demonstrated an effective, reliable, and relatively inexpensive method for determining the cytotoxicity and blood compatibility of decellularized cECM scaffolds.

PMID:
27111740
DOI:
10.1097/MAT.0000000000000373
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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