Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Transplant Proc. 2016 Mar;48(2):323-5. doi: 10.1016/j.transproceed.2016.02.010.

Kidney Transplantation, Polymorphisms of IL-18, and Other Pro-Inflammatory Genes and Late Post-Transplant Outcome.

Author information

1
CNR-Institute of Translational Pharmacology, UOS L'Aquila, Italy. Electronic address: daniela.piancatelli@cnr.it.
2
CRT-Regional Center for Organ Transplantation, S. Salvatore Hospital, L'Aquila, Italy.
3
CNR-Institute of Translational Pharmacology, UOS L'Aquila, Italy.
4
Transplant Unit, "S. Salvatore" Hospital, L'Aquila, Italy.
5
Transplant Unit, "S. Salvatore" Hospital, L'Aquila, Italy; Department of Clinical Sciences and Biotechnology, University of L'Aquila, Italy.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Functional polymorphisms of molecules involved in immune-mediated mechanisms of allograft rejection could be predictive of increased risk for early and late post-transplant complications. In the past years, the challenge for long-term graft survival in kidney recipients is the implementation of personalized approaches. In this study, effects of interleukin (IL)-18-137G/C (rs187238), -607C/A (rs1946518), and other pro-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms (tumor necrosis factor [TNF]-α-308G/A, rs1800629, IL-6-174G/C, rs1800795, and interferon [IFN]-γ+874A/T, rs2430561) on the main post-transplant risk parameters and diseases (metabolic, cardiovascular, infective, and chronic allograft rejection) were assessed in kidney-transplanted patients.

METHODS:

One hundred seventy-nine transplanted patients were retrospectively analyzed for clinical and biochemical parameters and onset of post-transplant complications. Taqman allelic discrimination and PCR-SSP (polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers) techniques were used for genotyping.

RESULTS:

No predictive effects of allele and genotypes of IL-18-607C/A, TNF-α-308G/A, IL-6-174G/C, and IFN-γ+874A/T gene polymorphisms and onset of risk factors and late complications were evidenced. However, Kaplan-Meier analysis evidenced a weak effect of IL-18-137G/C genotypes on graft survival.

CONCLUSIONS:

Analyzing associations between some pro-inflammatory cytokine gene polymorphisms and onset of the most relevant risk factors and late complications of kidney transplant, results suggested a possible impact of IL-18-137G/C genotypes on graft survival, which deserves further studies.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center