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Radiother Oncol. 1989 Feb;14(2):103-12.

Glottic and supraglottic carcinoma: a retrospective comparison of radiotherapy alone with sandwich therapy in 366 patients.

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  • 1Department of Clinical Oncology, University Hospital Leiden, The Netherlands.


From 1971 through 1982, 442 patients with laryngeal carcinoma were seen at the Leiden University Hospital. They were treated either with radiotherapy alone, sandwich therapy (pre- and postoperative radiotherapy) or by surgery followed by postoperative irradiation. Three hundred and sixty-six patients with glottic or supraglottic tumours could be analysed with respect to two different treatments, complications of treatment and some prognostic factors. Two endpoints of analysis were used: disease-free interval and survival to cancer death. In patients with glottic or supraglottic carcinoma, the survival of patients with advanced disease, treated with radiotherapy only, was worse as compared to the survival of the same category of patients who were treated with sandwich therapy (p less than 0.005). In patients with small glottic tumours, radiotherapy alone was mostly used. In small supraglottic tumours, the survival with both therapy policies was equal. Persistent hoarseness in patients with small glottic tumours, treated with radiotherapy only, is of predictive value for the development of a recurrence (p less than 0.001). There was no influence on prognosis of histological differentiation of the tumour. It appeared that interruption of radiotherapy for more than two days had an adverse effect on survival in patients with glottic carcinoma (p = 0.0001). Finally, the occurrence of second malignancies was analysed. It was found that 19% had a second malignancy. Almost 60% of them were lung cancers.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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