Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Surg. 2016 Jun;30:68-73. doi: 10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.04.030. Epub 2016 Apr 22.

Assessing the risk for development of Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) in surgical patients using Adapted Caprini scoring system.

Author information

1
Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, 605006, India.
2
Departments of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, 605006, India.
3
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, 605006, India.
4
Departments of Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondicherry, 605006, India. Electronic address: drvikramkate@gmail.com.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the incidence, morbidity and mortality due to Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) in surgical patients, and to assess the validity and reliability of Adapted Caprini scoring in risk stratification for VTE prophylaxis.

METHODOLOGY:

This was a prospective observational study in a tertiary care hospital of South India on patients who underwent both elective and emergency surgeries over a period of 9 months. An Adapted Caprini score was devised which included only the clinical criteria. The patients were scored by two persons independently at admission and followed up till the 30th post-operative day and primary and secondary end points were statistically analyzed.

RESULTS:

Three hundred and one patients were included and the overall incidence of VTE at 30 days was 7.3%. The risk of developing VTE was found to be significantly higher among the >8 score group as compared to 3-4 group (OR = 153.5, p < 0.001), or the 5-6 group (OR = 52.9, p < 0.001) or the 7-8 group (OR = 2.3, p = 0.002). Patients with a score of 7-8 were more likely to develop VTE as compared to 3-4 group (OR = 67.5, p < 0.001) or the 5-6 group (OR = 23.2, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSION:

The risk of developing VTE is less significant in the 5-6 score group compared to 7-8 or more score group. Further stratification of the highest risk groups is recommended to provide appropriate prophylaxis only to the patients with high scores, thereby reducing complications due to VTE prophylaxis.

KEYWORDS:

Deep venous thrombosis; Pulmonary embolism; Risk assessment model; Risk stratification; Thromboembolism prophylaxis

PMID:
27109201
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijsu.2016.04.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center