Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Health Place. 2016 May;39:153-9. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.04.001. Epub 2016 Apr 22.

Rural tobacco use across the United States: How rural and urban areas differ, broken down by census regions and divisions.

Author information

1
College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA. Electronic address: Roberts.1558@OSU.edu.
2
College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA.
3
Vermont Center on Tobacco Regulatory Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA.
4
Vermont Center on Tobacco Regulatory Science, University of Vermont, Burlington, VT, USA; Rehabilitation Institute, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, USA.
5
Westat, Center for Evaluation and Coordination of Training and Research (CECTR) in Tobacco Regulatory Science, Rockville, MD, USA; Department of Oncology, Georgetown University Medical Center/Cancer Prevention and Control Program, Lombardi Comprehensive Cancer Center, Washington D.C., USA.

Abstract

This project compared urban/rural differences in tobacco use, and examined how such differences vary across regions/divisions of the U.S. Using pooled 2012-2013 data from the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), we obtained weighted prevalence estimates for the use of cigarettes, menthol cigarettes, chewing tobacco, snuff, cigars, and pipes. NSDUH also provides information on participants' residence: rural vs. urban, and Census region and division. Overall, use of cigarettes, chew, and snuff were higher in rural, compared to urban areas. Across all tobacco products, urban/rural differences were particularly pronounced in certain divisions (e.g., the South Atlantic). Effects did not appear to be fully explained by differences in poverty. Going beyond previous research, these findings show that urban/rural differences vary across different types of tobacco products, as well as by division of the country. Results underscore the need for regulatory efforts that will reduce health disparities.

KEYWORDS:

Disparities; Rural health; Tobacco use

PMID:
27107746
PMCID:
PMC4874850
DOI:
10.1016/j.healthplace.2016.04.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center