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Leuk Res. 2016 Jun;45:90-100. doi: 10.1016/j.leukres.2016.04.007. Epub 2016 Apr 11.

HACE1 is a putative tumor suppressor gene in B-cell lymphomagenesis and is down-regulated by both deletion and epigenetic alterations.

Author information

1
Henri Becquerel Center, INSERM U918, Institut de Recherche et d'Innovation Biomédicale (iRiB) Rouen, France. Electronic address: bouzelfi.a@gmail.com.
2
Henri Becquerel Center, INSERM U918, Institut de Recherche et d'Innovation Biomédicale (iRiB) Rouen, France.
3
INSERM U1079, Faculty of Medecine of Rouen, iRiB, France.
4
INSERM U905, Faculty of medecine of Rouen, iRiB, France.

Abstract

HECT domain and ankyrin repeat containing E3 ubiquitin protein ligase 1, HACE1, located on chromosome 6q, encodes an E3 ubiquitin ligase and is downregulated in many human tumors. Here, we report HACE1 as a candidate tumor suppressor gene down-regulated by a combination of deletion and epigenetic mechanisms. HACE1 deletions were observed in 40% of B-cell lymphoma tumors. Hypermethylation of the HACE1 promoter CpG177 island was found in 60% (68/111) of cases and in all tested B-cell lymphoma lines. Using HDAC inhibitors, we observed predominantly inactive chromatin conformation (methylated H3 histones H3K9me2) in HACE1 gene promoter region. We demonstrated in Ramos and Raji cells that down-regulation of HACE1 expression was associated with a significant decrease in apoptosis and an accumulation of cells in the S and G2/M phases. Our experiments indicate that HACE1 can act as a haploinsufficient tumor suppressor gene in most B-cell lymphomas and can be downregulated by deacetylation of its promoter region chromatin, which makes HACE1 a potential target for HDAC inhibitors.

KEYWORDS:

Deletions; Epigenetic; HDAC inhibitors; Lymphoma; Tumor suppressor gene

PMID:
27107267
DOI:
10.1016/j.leukres.2016.04.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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