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Environ Pollut. 2016 Jul;214:265-272. doi: 10.1016/j.envpol.2016.04.041. Epub 2016 Apr 19.

Effects of thiamphenicol on nitrate reduction and N2O release in estuarine and coastal sediments.

Author information

1
College of Geographical Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China; State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China. Electronic address: ljhou@sklec.ecnu.edu.cn.
3
College of Geographical Sciences, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200241, China.
4
State Key Laboratory of Estuarine and Coastal Research, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China.

Abstract

Nitrate overload is an important driver of water pollution in most estuarine and coastal ecosystems, and thus nitrate reduction processes have attracted considerable attention. Antibiotics contamination is also an emerging environmental problem in estuarine and coastal regions as a result of growing production and usage of antibiotics. However, the effects of antibiotics on nitrate reduction remain unclear in these aquatic ecosystems. In this study, continuous-flow experiments were conducted to examine the effects of thiamphenicol (TAP, a common chloramphenicol antibiotic) on nitrate reduction and greenhouse gas N2O release. Functional genes involved in nitrogen transformation were also quantified to explore the microbial mechanisms of the TAP influence. Production of N2 were observed to be inhibited by TAP treatment, which implied the inhibition effect of TAP on nitrate reduction processes. As intermediate products of nitrogen transformation processes, nitrite and N2O were observed to accumulate during the incubation. Different TAP inhibition effects on related functional genes may be the microbial mechanism for the changes of nutrient fluxes, N2 fluxes and N2O release rates. These results indicate that the antibiotics residues in estuarine and coastal ecosystems may contribute to nitrate retention and N2O release, which could be a major factor responsible for eutrophication and greenhouse effects.

KEYWORDS:

Antibiotics; Estuarine and coastal zone; N(2)O; Nitrate reduction; Sediment

PMID:
27105162
DOI:
10.1016/j.envpol.2016.04.041
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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