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Nutr Res. 2016 May;36(5):430-9. doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2016.01.001. Epub 2016 Jan 8.

Genistein decreases basal hepatic cytochrome P450 1A1 protein expression and activity in Swiss Webster mice.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition and Graduate Group in Nutritional Biology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA.
2
Department of Nutrition and Graduate Group in Nutritional Biology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA 95616, USA. Electronic address: fmsteinberg@ucdavis.edu.

Abstract

Soy consumption has been associated with risk reduction for chronic diseases such as cancer. One proposed mechanism for cancer prevention by soy is through decreasing cytochrome P450 1A1 (Cyp1a1) activity. However, it is not known with certainty which soy components modulate Cyp1a1, or the characteristics or mechanisms involved in the responses after short-term (<20 days) dietary treatment without concomitant carcinogen-mediated induction. Therefore, the objective was to test the hypothesis that physiologic concentrations of dietary genistein and/or daidzein will decrease basal hepatic Cyp1a1 protein expression and activity in male and female Swiss Webster mice via inhibiting the bindings of aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR)-AhR nuclear translocator (ARNT) and estrogen receptor-α to the Cyp1a1 promoter region xenobiotic response element. The mice were fed the AIN-93G diet supplemented with 1500 mg/kg of genistein or daidzein for up to 1 week. Genistein, but not daidzein, significantly decreased basal hepatic microsomal Cyp1a1 protein expression and activity. AhR protein expression was not altered. Molecular mechanisms were investigated in Hepa-1c1c7 cells treated with 5 μmol/L purified aglycones genistein, daidzein, or equol. Cells treated with genistein exhibited inhibitions in ARNT and estrogen receptor-α bindings to the Cyp1a1 promoter region. This study demonstrated that genistein consumption reduced constitutive hepatic Cyp1a1 protein expression and activity, thereby contributing to the understanding of how soy isoflavone aglycones modulate cytochrome P450 biotransformation enzymes.

KEYWORDS:

Aryl hydrocarbon receptor nuclear translocator; Cytochrome P450 1A1; Estrogen receptor-α; Genistein; Mouse; Xenobiotic response element

PMID:
27101761
DOI:
10.1016/j.nutres.2016.01.001
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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