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PLoS One. 2016 Apr 21;11(4):e0153281. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0153281. eCollection 2016.

Prognostic Value of SUVmax Measured by Pretreatment Fluorine-18 Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography/Computed Tomography in Patients with Ewing Sarcoma.

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Department of Nuclear Medicine, Soonchunhyang University Bucheon Hospital, Bucheon, Korea.
Department of Nuclear Medicine, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.
Molecular Imaging Research Center, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.
Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Korea Institute of Radiological and Medical Sciences, Seoul, Korea.



The aim of this retrospective study was to determine whether glucose metabolism assessed by using Fluorine-18 (F-18) fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) provides prognostic information independent of established prognostic factors in patients with Ewing sarcoma.


We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 34 patients (men, 19; women, 15; mean age, 14.5 ± 9.7 years) with pathologically proven Ewing sarcoma. They had undergone F-18 FDG PET/CT as part of a pretreatment workup between September 2006 and April 2012. In this analysis, patients were classified by age, sex, initial location, size, and maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax). The relationship between FDG uptake and survival was analyzed using the Kaplan-Meier method with the log-rank test and Cox's proportional hazards regression model.


The median survival time for all 34 subjects was 999 days and the median SUV by using PET/CT was 5.8 (range, 2-18.1). Patients with a SUVmax ≤ 5.8 survived significantly longer than those with a SUVmax > 5.8 (median survival time, 1265 vs. 656 days; p = 0.002). Survival was also found to be significantly related to age (p = 0.024), size (p = 0.03), and initial tumor location (p = 0.036). Multivariate analysis revealed that a higher SUVmax (p = 0.003; confidence interval [CI], 3.63-508.26; hazard ratio [HR], 42.98), older age (p = 0.023; CI, 1.34-54.80; HR, 8.59), and higher stage (p = 0.03; CI, 1.21-43.95; HR, 7.3) were associated with worse overall survival.


SUVmax measured by pretreatment F-18-FDG PET/CT can predict overall survival in patients with Ewing sarcoma.

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