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COPD. 2016 Dec;13(6):767-772. Epub 2016 Apr 20.

Implementation of a COPD Screening Questionnaire in an Outpatient HIV Clinic.

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a Department of Medicine , Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care, Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore , Maryland , USA.
b Department of Epidemiology ; Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore , Maryland , USA.
c Department of Medicine , Division of Infectious Diseases, Johns Hopkins University , Baltimore , Maryland , USA.


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with increased risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); yet substantial under-recognition of COPD exists. We administered a patient-completed, physician-reviewed COPD screening tool in an outpatient HIV clinic to determine whether screening is feasible or possible. Patients attending nonacute, routine HIV care visits were provided a brief COPD screening tool, which included three questions focused on age, respiratory symptoms, and smoking history. Providers were given completed forms for review and ordered spirometry at their discretion. Forms and medical records were subsequently reviewed to determine completion and results of spirometry testing. Of the 1,510 patients screened during the study period, 968 (64%) forms were completed. After excluding 79 incomplete forms, 889 (92%) unique patient forms were included in this analysis. Among these, 204 (23%) met criteria for spirometry referral, among whom physicians ordered spirometry in 64 (31%). At 6 months following study completion, 19 (30%) of the patients referred for spirometry had the test completed, with 5 (26%) demonstrating airflow obstruction. Nearly one out of four HIV patients met indication for screening spirometry and roughly one out of four undergoing spirometry had COPD. Critical drop-offs in the screening and diagnostic process occurred at questionnaire completion and spirometry ordering. Interventions tailored to these critical steps could improve the yield from COPD screening and help to optimize the identification of COPD in high-risk HIV-infected populations. COPD screening in a clinic focused on longitudinal HIV care can effectively identify COPD among those completing the screening continuum.


Continuum; diagnosis; feasible; spirometry

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