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Int J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2016 Nov;31(11):1188-1198. doi: 10.1002/gps.4494. Epub 2016 Apr 19.

A systematic review and meta-analysis of music therapy for the older adults with depression.

Author information

1
Evidence-based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.
2
The Second Clinic School, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.
3
Evidence-based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. baizhenggang@126.com.
4
Silver School of Social Work, New York University, NY, USA.
5
School of Social Work, University of Southern California, LA, CA, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the efficacy of music therapy in the management of depression in the elderly.

METHOD:

We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Change in depressive symptoms was measured with various scales. Standardized mean differences were calculated for each therapy-control contrast.

RESULTS:

A comprehensive search yielded 2,692 citations; 19 articles met inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis suggests that music therapy plus standard treatment has statistical significance in reducing depressive symptoms among older adults (standardized mean differences = 1.02; 95% CI = 0.87, 1.17).

CONCLUSIONS:

This systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that music therapy has an effect on reducing depressive symptoms to some extent. However, high-quality trials evaluating the effects of music therapy on depression are required. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

KEYWORDS:

late-life depression; meta-analysis; music therapy

PMID:
27094452
DOI:
10.1002/gps.4494
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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