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J Dent Res Dent Clin Dent Prospects. 2016 Winter;10(1):37-42. doi: 10.15171/joddd.2016.006. Epub 2016 Mar 16.

Immunohistochemical evaluation of myofibroblast density in odontogenic cysts and tumors.

Author information

1
Dental and Periodontal Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Assistant Professor, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
2
Hematology Oncology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Associate Professor, Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
3
Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Postgraduate Student, Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to investigate myofibroblast (MF) density in a broad spectrum of odontogenic cysts and tumors and the relation between the density of MFs and the clinical behavior of these lesions.

METHODS:

A total of 105 cases of odontogenic lesions, including unicystic ameloblastoma (UAM), solid ameloblastoma (SA), odontogenic keratocyst (OKC), dentigerous cyst (DC), radicular cyst (RC) (15 for each category), and odontogenic myxoma (OM), adenomatoid odontogenic tumor (AOT), calcifying odontogenic cyst (COC) (10 for each category), were immunohistochemically stained with anti-α-smooth muscle actin antibody. The mean percentage of positive cells in 10 high-power fields was considered as MF density for each case.

RESULTS:

A statistically significant difference was observed in the mean scores between the study groups (P < 0.001). The intensity of MFs was significantly higher in odontogenic tumors compared to odontogenic cysts (P < 0.001). There was no statistically significant difference between odontogenic tumors, except between UAM and OM (P = 0.041). The difference between OKC and odontogenic tumors was not statistically significant (P > 0.05). The number of MFs was significantly higher in OKC and lower in COC compared to other odontogenic cysts (P = 0.007 and P = 0.045, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

The results of the present study suggest a role for MFs in the aggressive behavior of odontogenic lesions. MFs may represent an important target of therapy, especially for aggressive odontogenic lesions. Our findings support the classification of OKC in the category of odontogenic tumors.

KEYWORDS:

Myofibroblasts; odontogenic cysts; odontogenic tumors

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