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Intermetallics (Barking). 2012 Sep;28(15):84-91.

Phase equilibria and structural investigations in the Ni-poor part of the system Al-Ge-Ni.

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University of Vienna, Department of Inorganic Chemistry/Materials Chemistry, Währingerstraße 42, 1090 Wien, Austria.
EMPA, Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Laboratory for Joining and Interface Technology, Überlandstrasse 129, CH-8600 Dübendorf, Switzerland.
University of Vienna, Institute of Mineralogy and Crystallography, Althanstrasse 14, UZA II, A-1090 Wien, Austria.


The ternary phase diagram Al-Ge-Ni was investigated between 0 and 50 at.% Ni by a combination of differential thermal analysis (DTA), powder- and single-crystal X-ray diffraction (XRD), metallography and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA). Ternary phase equilibria and accurate phase compositions of the equilibrium phases were determined within two partial isothermal sections at 400 and 700 °C, respectively. The two binary intermediate phases AlNi and Al3Ni2 were found to form extended solid solutions with Ge in the ternary. Three new ternary phases were found to exist in the Ni-poor part of the phase diagram which were designated as τ1 (oC24, CoGe2-type), τ2 (at approximately Al67.5Ge18.0Ni14.5) and τ3 (cF12, CaF2-type). The ternary phases show only small homogeneity ranges. While τ1 was investigated by single crystal X-ray diffraction, τ2 and τ3 were identified from their powder diffraction pattern. Ternary phase reactions and melting behaviour were studied by means of DTA. A total number of eleven invariant reactions could be derived from these data, which are one ternary eutectic reaction, six transition reactions, three ternary peritectic reactions and one maximum. Based on the measured DTA values three vertical sections at 10, 20 and 35 at.% Ni were constructed. Additionally, all experimental results were combined to a ternary reaction scheme (Scheil diagram) and a liquidus surface projection.


A. Nickel aluminides; A. Ternary alloy systems; B. Crystallography; B. Phase diagrams; B. Phase identification

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