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Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Aug;102(2):589-92. doi: 10.1016/j.athoracsur.2016.01.076. Epub 2016 Apr 13.

Vascular Operations Performed by Cardiothoracic Surgeons: The Society of Thoracic Surgeons Survey.

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Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina. Electronic address:
Department of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery, Fairfax Hospital, Falls Church, Virginia.
Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington.
Section of Adult Cardiac Surgery, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York.
Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery, New York University, New York, New York.
Adult Cardiac Surgery, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts.
Adult Cardiac Surgery, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
Adult Cardiac Surgery, Washington University in St. Louis, St. Louis, Missouri.
Adult Cardiac Surgery, Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates.
Cardiothoracic Surgery, University of Colorado, Aurora, Colorado.
Adult Cardiac Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, California.



Many cardiothoracic surgeons supplement their case volume through the performance of vascular surgical procedures. Information regarding this practice is not well defined.


In January of 2013, a survey was conducted of The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS) membership to assess the performance of vascular operations by cardiothoracic surgeons.


The overall response rate was 8.7%. Of the surgeons practicing vascular surgery, 60% were aged 45 to 64 years and 92% were male. Eleven percent of surgeons are board certified in vascular surgery, and 61% have been practicing 16 or more years, with 33% practicing in the southern United States. Twenty-two percent of surgeons stated that at least 30% of their practice was devoted to vascular surgery. Eighty-one percent of respondents would like to see vascular surgery training become part of the formal curriculum for cardiothoracic surgery education, and 90% said that cardiothoracic surgery education should offer a cardiovascular track with emphasis on thoracic and vascular surgery, including endovascular surgery.


This survey provides expanded data on the performance and breadth of practice of vascular surgery by the STS membership.

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