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Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord. 2016 Oct-Dec;30(4):310-317.

GRN and MAPT Mutations in 2 Frontotemporal Dementia Research Centers in Brazil.

Author information

1
*Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital das Clinicas, University of Sao Paulo (USP) Medical School ‡Department of Neurology, Neuroregeneration Center (LIM 45) ∥Department of Pathology §Discipline of Pathophysiology, University of Sao Paulo Medical School, Sao Paulo †Cognitive and Behavioral Neurology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, Brazil ¶Department of Neurology, University of California, San Francisco, CA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Mutations in GRN (progranulin) and MAPT (microtubule-associated protein tau) are among the most frequent causes of monogenic frontotemporal dementia (FTD), but data on the frequency of these mutations in regions such as Latin America are still lacking.

OBJECTIVE:

We aimed to investigate the frequencies of GRN and MAPT mutations in FTD cohorts from 2 Brazilian dementia research centers, the University of Sao Paulo and the Federal University of Minas Gerais medical schools.

METHODS:

We included 76 probands diagnosed with behavioral-variant FTD (n=55), semantic-variant Primary Progressive Aphasia (PPA) (n=11), or nonfluent-variant PPA (n=10). Twenty-five percent of the cohort had at least 1 relative affected with FTD.

RESULTS:

Mutations in GRN were identified in 7 probands, and in MAPT, in 2 probands. We identified 3 novel GRN mutations (p.Q130X, p.317Afs*12, and p.K259Afs*23) in patients diagnosed with nonfluent-variant PPA or behavioral-variant FTD. Plasma progranulin levels were measured and a cutoff value of 70 ng/mL was found, with 100% sensitivity and specificity to detect null GRN mutations.

CONCLUSIONS:

The frequency of GRN mutations was 9.6% and that of MAPT mutations was 7.1%. Among familial cases of FTD, the frequency of GRN mutations was 31.5% and that of MAPT mutations was 10.5%.

PMID:
27082848
PMCID:
PMC5065374
DOI:
10.1097/WAD.0000000000000153
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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