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Mol Med Rep. 2016 Jun;13(6):4599-605. doi: 10.3892/mmr.2016.5144. Epub 2016 Apr 15.

Comparison of molecular mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis using gene microarrays.

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Department of Orthopedics, The Harbin Fifth Hospital, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, P.R. China.


The present study aimed to compare the molecular mechanisms of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA). The microarray dataset no. GSE29746 was downloaded from Gene Expression Omnibus. After data pre‑processing, differential expression analysis between the RA group and the control, as well as between the OA group and the control was performed using the LIMMA package in R and differentially expressed transcripts (DETs) with |log2fold change (FC)|>1 and P<0.01 were identified. DETs screened from each disease group were then subjected to functional annotation using DAVID. Next, DETs from each group were used to construct individual interaction networks using the BIND database, followed by sub‑network mining using clusterONE. Significant functions of nodes in each sub‑network were also investigated. In total, 19 and 281 DETs were screened from the RA and OA groups, respectively, with only six common DETs. DETs from the RA and OA groups were enriched in 8 and 130 gene ontology (GO) terms, respectively, with four common GO terms, of which to were associated with phospholipase C (PLC) activity. In addition, DETs screened from the OA group were enriched in immune response‑associated GO terms, and those screened from the RA group were largely associated with biological processes linked with the cell cycle and chromosomes. Genes involved in PLC activity and its regulation were indicated to be altered in RA as well as in OA. Alterations in the expression of cell cycle‑associated genes were indicated to be linked with the occurrence of OA, while genes participating in the immune response were involved in the occurrence of RA.

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