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Indian J Radiol Imaging. 2016 Jan-Mar;26(1):108-19. doi: 10.4103/0971-3026.178358.

CT and MR imaging of odontoid abnormalities: A pictorial review.

Author information

1
Department of Radio-Diagnosis, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER and RML), Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.
2
Department of Medicine, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER and RML), Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.
3
Department of Neurosurgery, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER and RML), Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Odontoid process is the central pillar of the craniovertebral junction. Imaging of this small structure continues to be a challenge for the radiologists due to complex bony and ligamentous anatomy. A wide range of developmental and acquired abnormalities of odontoid have been identified. Their accurate radiologic evaluation is important as different lesions have markedly different clinical course, patient management, and prognosis. This article seeks to provide knowledge for interpreting appearances of odontoid on computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with respect to various disease processes, along with providing a quick review of the embryology and relevant anatomy.

KEYWORDS:

Anterior longitudinal ligament; atlanto-axial dislocation; atlanto-dental interval; basilar invagination; computed tomography; cranio-vertebral junction; fracture; magnetic resonance imaging; odontoid; posterior longitudinal ligament; transverse atlantal ligament

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