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Phys Ther Sport. 2016 May;19:50-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2015.12.007. Epub 2016 Jan 5.

Prevalence and profile of musculoskeletal injuries in ballet dancers: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Author information

1
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK. Electronic address: toby.smith@uea.ac.uk.
2
Physiotherapy Department, Norfolk and Norwich University Hospital, Norwich, UK.
3
Institute of Sports, Exercise and Health, University College London, London, UK.
4
Rheumatology Department, Whipps Cross Hospital, Barts Health NHS Trust, London, UK.
5
Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK.

Abstract

AIM:

To determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and anatomical regions which are most frequently injured in ballet dancers.

METHODS:

Published (AMED, CiNAHL, EMBASE, SPORTDiscus, psycINFO, MEDLINE, the Cochrane Library) and grey literature databases (OpenGrey, the WHO International Clinical Trials Registry Platform, Current Controlled Trials and the UK National Research Register Archive) were searched from their inception to 25th May 2015 for papers presenting data on injury prevalence in ballet dancers. Two reviewers independently identified all eligible papers, data extracted and critically appraised studies. Study appraisal was conducted using the CASP appraisal tool. Pooled prevalence data with 95% confidence intervals were estimated to determine period prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders and anatomical regions affected.

RESULTS:

Nineteen studies were eligible, reporting 7332 injuries in 2617 ballet dancers. The evidence was moderate in quality. Period prevalence of musculoskeletal injury was 280% (95% CI: 217-343%). The most prevalent musculoskeletal disorders included: hamstring strain (51%), ankle tendinopathy (19%) and generalized low back pain (14%). No papers explored musculoskeletal disorders in retired ballet dancers.

CONCLUSIONS:

Whilst we have identified which regions and what musculoskeletal disorders are commonly seen ballet dancers. The long-term injury impact of musculoskeletal disorders in retired ballet dancers remains unknown.

KEYWORDS:

Ballet dancing; Musculoskeletal disorder; Prevalence; Risk factors

PMID:
27080110
DOI:
10.1016/j.ptsp.2015.12.007
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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