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J Pediatr Nurs. 2016 Jul-Aug;31(4):373-9. doi: 10.1016/j.pedn.2016.03.019. Epub 2016 Apr 12.

Electronic Cigarette Refill Liquids: Child-Resistant Packaging, Nicotine Content, and Sales to Minors.

Author information

1
School of Nursing, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND. Electronic address: Kelly.buettner-schmidt@ndsu.edu.
2
School of Pharmacy, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND.
3
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND.

Abstract

To determine the accuracy of the labeled quantity of the nicotine content of the e-liquids sold in unlicensed vape stores, whether the packaging of e-liquids sold within the vape stores was child-resistant, whether minors were present within vape stores, and whether sales to minors occurred. This study was conducted across North Dakota prior to implementation of a new e-cigarette state law and provided a baseline assessment before enactment of the new legal requirements.

DESIGN AND METHODS:

We tested samples of e-liquids and performed observations in 16 stores that were selling e-cigarettes but were not legally required to be licensed for tobacco retail. The e-liquids were analyzed for nicotine content using a validated high-performance liquid chromatography method for nicotine analysis.

RESULTS:

Of the 70 collected e-liquid samples that claimed to contain nicotine, 17% contained more than the labeled quantity and 34% contained less than the labeled quantity by 10% or more, with one sample containing 172% more than the labeled quantity. Of the 94 e-liquid containers sampled, only 35% were determined to be child-resistant. Minors were present in stores, although no sales to minors occurred.

CONCLUSIONS:

Mislabeling of nicotine in e-liquids is common and exposes the user to the harmful effects of nicotine. The lack of child-resistant packaging for this potentially toxic substance is a serious public health problem. E-cigarettes should be included in the legal definition of tobacco products, child-resistant packaging and nicotine labeling laws should be enacted and strictly enforced, and vape stores should be licensed by states.

KEYWORDS:

Child safety; E-cigarette; Nicotine; Product packaging; Public policy; Regulation

PMID:
27079973
PMCID:
PMC4914438
DOI:
10.1016/j.pedn.2016.03.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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