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J Chemother. 2016 Dec;28(6):476-481. Epub 2016 Mar 30.

The resistance and transmission mechanism of Acinetobacter baumannii isolates in a tertiary care hospital, China.

Author information

1
a Department of Pharmacy, Southwest Hospital , Third Military Medical University , Chongqing , China.
2
b Department of Pharmacy, Xinqiao Hospital , Third Military Medical University , Chongqing , China.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to analyse the resistance and epidemiological data of 117 Acinetobacter baumannii isolates from Southwest Hospital, Chongqing, China. Except for polymyxin B, tigecycline, minocycline, cefoperazone/sulbactam, amikacin and levofloxacin, the resistance rates of other antimicrobial agents were above 90%. All the clinical isolates had the blaOXA-51 gene and 114 isolates had the blaOXA-23 gene. Forty-nine isolates were found to contain the blaIMP-4 gene. PFGE data showed that 117 isolates were divided into 25 groups. Sixty-three (53.85%) were found to carry the class 1 integron, and the sequence analysis of the class 1 integron internal variable regions - five types, one of which had the blaIMP-4 gene. For the blaIMP-4 positive strain without class 1 integron, we found the flanking sequence had the TnpA gene. The result suggested that the resistance gene was widely distributed in our hospital; moreover, the modes of presence and transmission are different and complicated. The results of our study can improve the infection empirical treatment method and infection control programme.

KEYWORDS:

Acinetobacter baumannii; Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis; Resistance; Transmission mechanism

PMID:
27077932
DOI:
10.1080/1120009X.2016.1139335
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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