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Clinics (Sao Paulo). 2016 Mar;71(3):152-5. doi: 10.6061/clinics/2016(03)06.

Comparison of different speech tasks among adults who stutter and adults who do not stutter.

Author information

1
Departamento de Fisioterapia, Fonoaudiologia e Terapia Ocupacional, Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (FMUSP), São Paulo/SP, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

In this study, we compared the performance of both fluent speakers and people who stutter in three different speaking situations: monologue speech, oral reading and choral reading. This study follows the assumption that the neuromotor control of speech can be influenced by external auditory stimuli in both speakers who stutter and speakers who do not stutter.

METHOD:

Seventeen adults who stutter and seventeen adults who do not stutter were assessed in three speaking tasks: monologue, oral reading (solo reading aloud) and choral reading (reading in unison with the evaluator). Speech fluency and rate were measured for each task.

RESULTS:

The participants who stuttered had a lower frequency of stuttering during choral reading than during monologue and oral reading.

CONCLUSIONS:

According to the dual premotor system model, choral speech enhanced fluency by providing external cues for the timing of each syllable compensating for deficient internal cues.

PMID:
27074176
PMCID:
PMC4785848
DOI:
10.6061/clinics/2016(03)06
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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