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Chest. 2016 Aug;150(2):374-83. doi: 10.1016/j.chest.2016.03.046. Epub 2016 Apr 9.

DVT Management and Outcome Trends, 2001 to 2014.

Collaborators (162)

Monreal M, Decousus H, Prandoni P, Brenner B, Barba R, Di Micco P, Bertoletti L, Schellong S, Tzoran I, Reis A, Bosevski M, Bounameaux H, Malý R, Wells P, Papadakis M, Agudo P, Aibar MA, Akasbi M, Alcalde-Manero M, Andújar V, Arcelus JI, Ballaz A, Barba R, Barrón M, Barrón-Andrés B, Bascuñana J, Blanco-Molina A, Cañas I, Casado I, de Miguel J, Del Toro J, Díaz S, Díaz-Peromingo JA, Falgá C, Fernández-Capitán C, Font C, Font L, Gallego P, García-Bragado F, García-Rodenas M, Gómez V, González CJ, Grau E, Guirado L, Gutiérrez J, Hernández G, Hernández-Blasco L, Isern V, Jara-Palomares L, Jaras MJ, Jiménez D, Lobo JL, López-Jiménez L, López-Reyes R, López-Sáez JB, Lorente MA, Lorenzo A, Madridano O, Maestre A, Marchena PJ, Martín M, Martín-Antorán JM, Martín-Martos F, Monreal M, Morales MV, Nauffal D, Nieto JA, Nieto S, Núñez MJ, Orbegoso C, Otalora S, Otero R, Pagán B, Pedrajas JM, Pérez C, Pérez G, Peris ML, Pons I, Porras JA, Reig O, Riera-Mestre A, Rivas A, Rodríguez C, Rodríguez-Dávila MA, Rosa V, Rosa-Murillo AS, Ruiz-Giménez N, Sahuquillo JC, Sala MC, Sampériz A, Sánchez R, Sanz O, Soler S, Suriñach JM, Tolosa C, Trujillo-Santos J, Uresandi F, Valero B, Valle R, Vela J, Vidal G, Vilar C, Villalta J, Xifre B, Vanassche T, Verhamme P, Wells P, Hirmerova J, Malý R, Tomko T, Celis G, Salgado E, Sánchez GT, Bertoletti L, Bura-Riviere A, Farge-Bancel D, Hij A, Mahé I, Merah A, Quere I, Papadakis M, Braester A, Brenner B, Tzoran I, Apollonio A, Barillari G, Bertone A, Bilora F, Bucherini E, Ciammaichella M, De Ciantis P, Dentali F, Di Micco P, Duce R, Ferrazzi P, Grandone E, Lessiani G, Lodigiani C, Mastroiacovo D, Pace F, Pesavento R, Pinelli M, Poggio R, Prandoni P, Rosa M, Rota L, Tiraferri E, Tonello D, Tufano A, Venturelli U, Visonà A, Zalunardo B, Drucka E, Kigitovica D, Skride A, Mafalda A, Ribeiro JL, Sousa MS, Bosevski M, Zdraveska M, Bounameaux H, Mazzolai L.

Author information

1
Respiratory Department, Ramón y Cajal Hospital and Instituto Ramón y Cajal de Investigación Sanitaria (IRYCIS), Madrid, Spain.
2
Respiratory Department, Ramón y Cajal Hospital and Instituto Ramón y Cajal de Investigación Sanitaria (IRYCIS), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: djimenez.hrc@gmail.com.
3
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Clínico Universitario Lozano Blesa, Zaragoza, Spain.
4
UOSD Angiologia e Diagnostica Vascolare, Ospedale SS, Filippo e Nicola, Avezzano, Italy.
5
Department of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ontario, Canada.
6
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Reina Sofía, Navarra, Spain.
7
Department of Internal Medicine, Centro Hospitalar Gaia/Espinho, Entidade Pública Empresarial, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal.
8
Biostatistics Department, Ramón y Cajal Hospital and IRYCIS, Centro de Investigación Biomédica En Red, Epidemiología y Salud Pública, Madrid, Spain.
9
Divisions of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine and General Medical Sciences, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.
10
Department of Internal Medicine, Hospital Universitari Germans Trias i Pujol, Badalona, Barcelona; Universidad Católica de Murcia, Murcia, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A comprehensive evaluation of temporal trends in the treatment of patients who have DVT may assist with identification of modifiable factors that contribute to short-term outcomes.

METHODS:

We assessed temporal trends in length of hospital stay and use of pharmacological and interventional therapies among 26,695 adults with DVT enrolled in the Registro Informatizado de la Enfermedad TromboEmbólica registry between 2001 and 2014. We also examined temporal trends in risk-adjusted rates of all-cause, pulmonary embolism-related, and bleeding-related death to 30 days after diagnosis.

RESULTS:

The mean length of hospital stay decreased from 9.0 days in 2001 to 2005 to 7.6 days in 2010 to 2014 (P < .01). For initial DVT treatment, the use of low-molecular-weight heparin decreased from 98% to 90% (P < .01). Direct oral anticoagulants use increased from 0.5% in 2010 to 13.4% in 2014 (P < .001). Risk-adjusted rates of 30-day all-cause mortality decreased from 3.9% in 2001 to 2005 to 2.7% in 2010 to 2014 (adjusted rate ratio per year, 0.84; 95% CI, 0.74-0.96; P < .01). VTE-related mortality showed a nonstatistically significant downward trend (adjusted rate ratio per year, 0.70; 95% CI, 0.44-1.10; P = .13), whereas 30-day bleeding-related mortality significantly decreased from 0.5% in 2001 to 2005 to 0.1% in 2010-2014 (adjusted rate ratio per year, 0.55; 95% CI, 0.40-0.77; P < .01).

CONCLUSIONS:

This international registry-based temporal analysis identified reductions in length of stay for adults hospitalized for DVT. The study also found a decreasing trend in adjusted rates of all-cause and bleeding-related mortality.

KEYWORDS:

DVT; prognosis; survival

PMID:
27071810
DOI:
10.1016/j.chest.2016.03.046
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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