Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Emerg Infect Dis. 2016 Jul;22(7):1185-92. doi: 10.3201/eid2207.151990. Epub 2016 Jul 15.

A Literature Review of Zika Virus.

Abstract

Zika virus is a mosquitoborne flavivirus that is the focus of an ongoing pandemic and public health emergency. Previously limited to sporadic cases in Africa and Asia, the emergence of Zika virus in Brazil in 2015 heralded rapid spread throughout the Americas. Although most Zika virus infections are characterized by subclinical or mild influenza-like illness, severe manifestations have been described, including Guillain-Barre syndrome in adults and microcephaly in babies born to infected mothers. Neither an effective treatment nor a vaccine is available for Zika virus; therefore, the public health response primarily focuses on preventing infection, particularly in pregnant women. Despite growing knowledge about this virus, questions remain regarding the virus's vectors and reservoirs, pathogenesis, genetic diversity, and potential synergistic effects of co-infection with other circulating viruses. These questions highlight the need for research to optimize surveillance, patient management, and public health intervention in the current Zika virus epidemic.

KEYWORDS:

Aedes; Zika virus; arbovirus; craniofacial abnormalities; emerging infectious diseases; flavivirus; microcephaly; mosquitoes; review literature as topic; viruses; zoonoses

PMID:
27070380
PMCID:
PMC4918175
DOI:
10.3201/eid2207.151990
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for CDC-NCEZID Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center