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Expert Rev Vaccines. 2016 Oct;15(10):1255-80. doi: 10.1080/14760584.2016.1175304. Epub 2016 Apr 22.

Maternal vaccination for the prevention of influenza: current status and hopes for the future.

Author information

1
a Division of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine , Emory University , Atlanta , GA , USA.
2
b Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine , Emory University , Atlanta , GA , USA.
3
c Departments of Global Health and Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health , Emory University , Atlanta , GA , USA.
4
d Emory Vaccine Center , Emory University , Atlanta , GA , USA.

Abstract

Influenza is an important cause of morbidity and mortality among pregnant women and young infants, and influenza infection during pregnancy has also been associated with adverse obstetric and birth outcomes. There is substantial evidence - from randomized trials and observational studies - that maternal influenza immunization can protect pregnant women and their infants from influenza disease. In addition, there is compelling observational evidence that prevention of influenza in pregnant women can also protect against certain adverse pregnancy outcomes, including stillbirth and preterm birth. In this article we will review and evaluate the literature on both the burden of influenza disease in pregnant women and infants, as well as the multiple potential benefits of maternal influenza immunization for mother, fetus, and infant. We will also review key clinical aspects of maternal influenza immunization, as well as identify remaining knowledge gaps, and discuss avenues for future investigation.

KEYWORDS:

Influenza; infant; maternal immunization; pandemic; pregnancy; preterm birth; seasonal; stillbirth; vaccine

PMID:
27070268
PMCID:
PMC5021628
DOI:
10.1080/14760584.2016.1175304
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Conflict of interest statement

Declaration of Interests VK Phadke is supported by the Emory Vaccinology Training Program under award number T32AI074492 from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. The content of this paper is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases or the National Institutes of Health. The authors have no other relevant affiliations or financial involvement with any organization or entity with a financial interest in or financial conflict with the subject matter or materials discussed in the manuscript apart from those disclosed.

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