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Breed Sci. 2016 Jan;66(1):148-59. doi: 10.1270/jsbbs.66.148. Epub 2016 Jan 1.

Genomics of pear and other Rosaceae fruit trees.

Author information

1
NARO Institute of Fruit Tree Science , 2-1 Fujimoto, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8605 , Japan.

Abstract

The family Rosaceae includes many economically important fruit trees, such as pear, apple, peach, cherry, quince, apricot, plum, raspberry, and loquat. Over the past few years, whole-genome sequences have been released for Chinese pear, European pear, apple, peach, Japanese apricot, and strawberry. These sequences help us to conduct functional and comparative genomics studies and to develop new cultivars with desirable traits by marker-assisted selection in breeding programs. These genomics resources also allow identification of evolutionary relationships in Rosaceae, development of genome-wide SNP and SSR markers, and construction of reference genetic linkage maps, which are available through the Genome Database for the Rosaceae website. Here, we review the recent advances in genomics studies and their practical applications for Rosaceae fruit trees, particularly pear, apple, peach, and cherry.

KEYWORDS:

apple; co-linearity; genome sequence; peach; pear; reference map

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