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Front Cell Neurosci. 2016 Mar 31;10:86. doi: 10.3389/fncel.2016.00086. eCollection 2016.

Role of Sirtuins in Linking Metabolic Syndrome with Depression.

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1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Dongguk University Seoul, South Korea.

Abstract

Depression is now widely regarded as a common disabling disorder that affects negatively the social functioning all over the world. Depression is associated with diverse phenomenon in brain such as neuroinflammation, synaptic dysfunction, and cognitive deficit. Recent studies reported that depression occurs by various metabolic changes, leading to metabolic syndrome. Sirtuins (SIRTs) are NAD(+)-dependent class III histone deacetylases, known to regulate diverse biological mechanism such as longevity, genomic stability, and inflammation. The modulation of sirtuin activity has been highlighted as a promising approach to reduce neurodegenerative processes. In this review, we summarize the recent discoveries regarding the potential relationship between SIRTs and depression caused by metabolic disorders (Mets). Ultimately, we suggest the possibility that SIRTs will be novel targets to alleviate neuropathogenesis induced by depression.

KEYWORDS:

depression; inflammation; metabolic syndrome; neurotransmitter; sirtuins (SIRTs); synaptic dysfunction

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