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Ecol Food Nutr. 2016 May-Jun;55(3):308-23. doi: 10.1080/03670244.2016.1161617. Epub 2016 Apr 11.

The effectiveness of nutrition education: Applying the Health Belief Model in child-feeding practices to use pulses for complementary feeding in Southern Ethiopia.

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a School of Nutrition, Food Science, and Technology, College of Agriculture , Hawassa University , Hawassa , Ethiopia.
b College of Pharmacy and Nutrition , University of Saskatchewan , Saskatoon , Saskatchewan , Canada.


Complementary foods (CFs) in Ethiopia are cereal based and adding locally grown pulses (legumes) to CF would provide needed nutrients. To assess the effects of nutrition education (NEd) using Health Belief Model (HBM) in promoting pulses for CF, a 6-month quasi-experimental study was conducted in 160 mother-child pairs. Knowledge, attitude, and practice (KAP) questions were given to mothers at baseline, midline, and endline, along with anthropometric measurements of children. NEd involving discussions and recipe demonstrations was given twice monthly for 6 months to the intervention group (n = 80) while control mothers received usual education. At baseline, mothers' KAP scores were low at both sites; at 3 and 6 months of NEd, mean KAP scores of mothers increased (p < 0.05) compared to the control site. Significant improvements in children's mean weight, weight for height, and weight for age occurred in the intervention site only. Nutritional status of children improved after providing mothers with pulse-based NEd.


Complementary feeding; legumes; nutrition education; pulses; undernutrition; young children

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