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Ophthalmologe. 2016 Apr;113(4):304-7. doi: 10.1007/s00347-016-0238-4.

[Dichoptic training for amblyopia].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Klinik für Augenheilkunde, Universitätsklinikum Freiburg, Killianstr. 5, 79106, Freiburg, Deutschland. michael.bach@uni-freiburg.de.

Abstract

Dichoptic training is a promising new therapeutic approach to amblyopia, which employs simultaneous and separate stimulation of both eyes (thus dichoptic). The contrast for the good eye is reduced thus aiming at a balance with the amblyopic eye. In contrast to monocular patching, binocular vision is trained by video game tasks that can only be solved binocularly. To date the average gain in visual acuity achieved in currently available studies is only 0.20 ± 0.07 logMAR and is not significantly better than competing treatment options. This article explains the basic approach of dichoptic training, summarizes pertinent studies, names unsolved problems and closes with a personal critical assessment.

KEYWORDS:

Binocularity; Eye; Fusion; Suppression; Visual acuity

PMID:
27059985
DOI:
10.1007/s00347-016-0238-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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