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J Altern Complement Med. 2016 May;22(5):375-9. doi: 10.1089/acm.2015.0230. Epub 2016 Apr 8.

Acute Effects of T'ai Chi Chuan Exercise on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in Peripheral Artery Disease Patients.

Author information

1
1 Associate Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Paraiba , João Pessoa, Brazil .
2
2 University of Pernambuco , Recife, Brazil .
3
3 Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein , São Paulo, Brazil .
4
4 Associate Graduate Program in Physical Education, University of Pernambuco , Recife, Brazil .
5
5 Group Research in Health and Sport, ASCES College , Caruaru, Brazil .

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the acute effect of a t'ai chi chuan session on blood pressure and heart rate in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD).

DESIGN:

Randomized crossover intervention study.

SETTING:

Outpatient therapy center.

PARTICIPANTS:

Seven patients with PAD, aged 50-79 years, not using β-blockers, calcium-channel blockers, or nondihidropiridinic vasodilators.

INTERVENTION:

T'ai chi chuan and control session (both sessions lasted 40 minutes).

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate, which were evaluated before and after the intervention (10, 30, and 50 minutes).

RESULTS:

T'ai chi chuan exercise acutely decreased systolic blood pressure at 30 minutes after exercise (p = 0.042) and increased diastolic blood pressure at 50 minutes after exercise (p = 0.041). Heart rate did not change after t'ai chi chuan exercise.

CONCLUSION:

T'ai chi chuan acutely decreases systolic blood pressure in patients with PAD.

PMID:
27058396
DOI:
10.1089/acm.2015.0230
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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