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World J Hepatol. 2016 Apr 8;8(10):461-70. doi: 10.4254/wjh.v8.i10.461.

Management issues in post living donor liver transplant biliary strictures.

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1
Manav Wadhawan, Ajay Kumar, Fortis Escorts Liver and Digestive Diseases Institute, Okhla, New Delhi 110025, India.

Abstract

Biliary complications are common after living donor liver transplant (LDLT) although with advancements in surgical understanding and techniques, the incidence is decreasing. Biliary strictures are more common than leaks. Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) is the first line modality of treatment of post LDLT biliary strictures with a technical success rate of 75%-80%. Most of ERCP failures are successfully treated by percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) and rendezvous technique. A minority of patients may require surgical correction. ERCP for these strictures is technically more challenging than routine as well post deceased donor strictures. Biliary strictures may increase the morbidity of a liver transplant recipient, but the mortality is similar to those with or without strictures. Post transplant strictures are short segment and soft, requiring only a few session of ERCP before complete dilatation. Long-term outcome of patients with biliary stricture is similar to those without stricture. With the introduction of new generation cholangioscopes, ERCP success rate may increase, obviating the need for PTBD and surgery in these patients.

KEYWORDS:

Biliary complications; Biliary strictures; Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography; Living donor liver transplant; Percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage

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