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Stem Cells Transl Med. 2016 Jun;5(6):764-72. doi: 10.5966/sctm.2015-0117. Epub 2016 Apr 7.

Reducing Hepatocyte Injury and Necrosis in Response to Paracetamol Using Noncoding RNAs.

Author information

1
Medical Research Council Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
2
Division of Clinical and Surgical Sciences, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
3
Medical Research Council Centre for Regenerative Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom davehay@talktalk.net.

Abstract

The liver performs multiple functions within the human body. It is composed of numerous cell types, which play important roles in organ physiology. Our study centers on the major metabolic cell type of the liver, the hepatocyte, and its susceptibility to damage during drug overdose. In these studies, hepatocytes were generated from a renewable and genetically defined resource. In vitro-derived hepatocytes were extensively profiled and exposed to varying levels of paracetamol and plasma isolated from liver-failure patients, with a view to identifying noncoding microRNAs that could reduce drug- or serum-induced hepatotoxicity. We identified a novel anti-microRNA, which reduced paracetamol-induced hepatotoxicity and glutathione depletion. Additionally, we identified a prosurvival role for anti-microRNA-324 following exposure to plasma collected from liver failure patients. We believe that these studies represent an important advance for the field, demonstrating the power of stem cell-derived systems to model human biology "in a dish" and identify novel noncoding microRNAs, which could be translated to the clinic in the future.

SIGNIFICANCE:

The liver performs vital functions within the human body and is composed of numerous cell types. The major metabolic cell type of the liver, the hepatocyte, is susceptible to damage during drug overdose. In these studies, hepatocytes were generated from a renewable resource and exposed to varying levels of paracetamol, with a view to identifying interventions that could reduce or attenuate drug-induced liver toxicity. A novel noncoding RNA that reduced paracetamol-induced hepatocyte toxicity was identified. These findings may represent an important advance for the field.

KEYWORDS:

Apoptosis; Drug-induced liver injury; Hepatocyte; MicroRNA; Necrosis; Paracetamol

PMID:
27057006
PMCID:
PMC4878326
DOI:
10.5966/sctm.2015-0117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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