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J Am Soc Mass Spectrom. 2016 Jul;27(7):1263-76. doi: 10.1007/s13361-016-1383-3. Epub 2016 Apr 7.

Analysis of Bacterial Lipooligosaccharides by MALDI-TOF MS with Traveling Wave Ion Mobility.

Author information

1
Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.
2
Center for Immunochemistry, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA, 94121, USA.
3
Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA.
4
Center for Immunochemistry, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 4150 Clement Street, San Francisco, CA, 94121, USA. Gary.Jarvis@ucsf.edu.
5
Department of Laboratory Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, 94143, USA. Gary.Jarvis@ucsf.edu.

Abstract

Lipooligosaccharides (LOS) are major microbial virulence factors displayed on the outer membrane of rough-type Gram-negative bacteria. These amphipathic glycolipids are comprised of two domains, a core oligosaccharide linked to a lipid A moiety. Isolated LOS samples are generally heterogeneous mixtures of glycoforms, with structural variability in both domains. Traditionally, the oligosaccharide and lipid A components of LOS have been analyzed separately following mild acid hydrolysis, although important acid-labile moieties can be cleaved. Recently, an improved method was introduced for analysis of intact LOS by MALDI-TOF MS using a thin layer matrix composed of 2,4,6-trihydroxyacetophenone (THAP) and nitrocellulose. In addition to molecular ions, the spectra show in-source "prompt" fragments arising from regiospecific cleavage between the lipid A and oligosaccharide domains. Here, we demonstrate the use of traveling wave ion mobility spectrometry (TWIMS) for IMS-MS and IMS-MS/MS analyses of intact LOS from Neisseria spp. ionized by MALDI. Using IMS, the singly charged prompt fragments for the oligosaccharide and lipid A domains of LOS were readily separated into resolved ion plumes, permitting the extraction of specific subspectra, which led to increased confidence in assigning compositions and improved detection of less abundant ions. Moreover, IMS separation of precursor ions prior to collision-induced dissociation (CID) generated time-aligned, clean MS/MS spectra devoid of fragments from interfering species. Incorporating IMS into the profiling of intact LOS by MALDI-TOF MS exploits the unique domain structure of the molecule and offers a new means of extracting more detailed information from the analysis. Graphical Abstract ᅟ.

KEYWORDS:

IMS; IMS-MS; IMS-MS/MS; Ion mobility spectrometry; LOS; LPS; Lipooligosaccharides; Lipopolysaccharides; TWIMS; Traveling wave ion mobility

PMID:
27056565
DOI:
10.1007/s13361-016-1383-3
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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