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Am J Physiol. 1989 Apr;256(4 Pt 1):E483-7.

1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 restores fertility of vitamin D-deficient female rats.

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1
Department of Biochemistry, College of Agricultural and Life Sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison 53706.

Abstract

Vitamin D deficiency reduces mating success and fertility in female rats, but it is not known if the reduction in reproductive performance is a direct action of vitamin D or the hypocalcemia associated with vitamin D deficiency. The effect of vitamin D deficiency with normocalcemia on fertility and reproductive capacity in female rats was investigated. Female weanling rats were maintained on vitamin D-deficient or vitamin D-replete diets until maturity and mated to age-matched, normal, vitamin D-replete males. Three groups of vitamin D-deficient females were maintained on diets varying in calcium and Pi concentrations to test the effect of vitamin D deficiency with different serum calcium and Pi concentrations on reproductive performance. Vitamin D-deficient females were capable of reproduction, but successful matings by all groups of vitamin D-deficient females were markedly reduced regardless of serum calcium concentration, when compared with matings with vitamin D-replete females. Fertility was also drastically reduced in litters from all groups of vitamin D-deficient females regardless of serum calcium concentration, when compared with litters from vitamin D-replete females. Vitamin D-deficient female rats that received vitamin D or 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 were capable of successfully mating and giving rise to normal, healthy litters. These results indicate that vitamin D and not hypocalcemia is directly responsible for reduced reproductive capacity and fertility in vitamin D-deficient female rats.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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