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Virology. 1989 Apr;169(2):260-72.

Newcastle disease virus evolution. I. Multiple lineages defined by sequence variability of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase gene.

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Research Institute for Disease Mechanism and Control, Nagoya University School of Medicine, Japan.


We compared the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase gene sequence among 13 strains of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) isolated over the last 50 years. Although overall homology was remarkably high, the sequence variability demonstrated the existence of at least three distinct lineages, which must have co-circulated for considerable periods. The sequence variability also appears to reflect some accumulation of mutations over time. Strictly correlating with the lineages, the translation products could be classified into three size classes. One class lacked the interchain disulfide bond, and another represented unusual precursor protein of biologically inactive form. The lineages correlated to some extent with virulence and place of isolation of the strains. However, antigenic variations, which were neither cumulative nor progressive, did not correlate with the lineages. These analyses showing multiple lineages were greatly facilitated by a precise calculation of synonymous substitutions, which had been largely free from selective pressures and had occurred frequently and evenly throughout the coding region.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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