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J Nutr. 2016 May;146(5):1001-7. doi: 10.3945/jn.115.228817. Epub 2016 Apr 6.

Consumption of Quercetin and Quercetin-Containing Apple and Cherry Extracts Affects Blood Glucose Concentration, Hepatic Metabolism, and Gene Expression Patterns in Obese C57BL/6J High Fat-Fed Mice.

Author information

1
Department of Food Science and Technology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR;
2
Department of Horticulture, Oregon State University, Milton-Freewater, OR; and.
3
Department of Dietetics and Nutrition, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, KS.
4
Department of Food Science and Technology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR; neil.shay@oregonstate.edu.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Intake of polyphenols and polyphenol-rich fruit extracts has been shown to reduce markers of inflammation, diabetes, and hepatic complications that result from the consumption of a high-fat (HF) diet.

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to determine whether mice fed polyphenol-rich apple peel extract (AE), cherry extract (CE), and quercetin, a phytochemical abundant in fruits including apples and cherries, would modulate the harmful effects of adiposity on blood glucose regulation, endocrine concentrations, and hepatic metabolism in HF-fed C57BL/6J male mice.

METHODS:

Groups of 8-wk-old mice (n = 8 each) were fed 5 diets for 10 wk, including low-fat (LF; 10% of total energy) and HF (60% of total energy) control diets and 3 HF diets containing polyphenol-rich AE, CE, and quercetin (0.2% wt:wt). Also, an in vitro study used HepG2 cells exposed to quercetin (0-100 μmol/L) to determine whether intracellular lipid accumulation could be modulated by this phytochemical.

RESULTS:

Mice fed the HF control diet consumed 36% more energy, gained 14 g more body weight, and had ∼50% elevated blood glucose concentrations (all P < 0.05) than did LF-fed mice. Mice fed HF diets containing AE, CE, or quercetin became as obese as HF-fed mice, but had significantly lower blood glucose concentrations after food deprivation (-36%, -22%, -22%, respectively; P < 0.05). Concentrations of serum C-reactive protein were reduced 29% in quercetin-fed mice compared with HF-fed controls (P < 0.05). A qualitative evaluation of liver tissue sections suggested that fruit phytochemicals may reduce hepatic lipid accumulation. A quantitative analysis of lipid accumulation in HepG2 cells demonstrated a dose-dependent decrease in lipid content in cells treated with 0-100 μmol quercetin/L (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS:

In mice, consumption of AE, CE, or quercetin appears to modulate some of the harmful effects associated with the consumption of an obesogenic HF diet. Furthermore, in a cell culture model, quercetin was shown to reduce intracellular lipid accumulation in a dose-dependent fashion.

KEYWORDS:

C57BL/6J mice; PPAR-α; apples; cherries; high-fat diet; phytochemicals; polyphenols; quercetin

PMID:
27052533
PMCID:
PMC4841928
DOI:
10.3945/jn.115.228817
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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