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Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2016 Aug;21(4):270-6. doi: 10.1016/j.siny.2016.03.003. Epub 2016 Mar 31.

Advances in the diagnosis, management, and treatment of neonates with laryngeal disorders.

Author information

1
Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
2
Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: evan.propst@utoronto.ca.

Abstract

Neonatal airway obstruction due to laryngeal pathology may cause significant morbidity and even mortality. The most frequently occurring etiologies anatomically from superiorly to inferiorly include: laryngomalacia, saccular cyst, vocal fold paralysis, anterior glottic web, laryngeal atresia, laryngeal cleft, subglottic stenosis, and subglottic hemangioma. The pathophysiology, presentation, and treatment options for each of these entities are discussed with a focus on a multidisciplinary, evidence-based approach.

KEYWORDS:

Glottic web; Laryngomalacia; Saccular cyst; Stridor; Subglottic stenosis; Vocal fold paralysis

PMID:
27049674
DOI:
10.1016/j.siny.2016.03.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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