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Sensors (Basel). 2016 Apr 4;16(4). pii: E476. doi: 10.3390/s16040476.

Microfluidic Devices for Terahertz Spectroscopy of Live Cells Toward Lab-on-a-Chip Applications.

Author information

1
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. tangqi@email.arizona.edu.
2
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. minliang@email.arizona.edu.
3
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. luyi@psu.edu.
4
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA 16802, USA. pak@engr.psu.edu.
5
WiseWear Corporation, New York, NY 10018, USA. jerry.wilmink@gmail.com.
6
College of Pharmacy, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. dzhang@pharmacy.arizona.edu.
7
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721, USA. hxin@ece.arizona.edu.

Abstract

THz spectroscopy is an emerging technique for studying the dynamics and interactions of cells and biomolecules, but many practical challenges still remain in experimental studies. We present a prototype of simple and inexpensive cell-trapping microfluidic chip for THz spectroscopic study of live cells. Cells are transported, trapped and concentrated into the THz exposure region by applying an AC bias signal while the chip maintains a steady temperature at 37 °C by resistive heating. We conduct some preliminary experiments on E. coli and T-cell solution and compare the transmission spectra of empty channels, channels filled with aqueous media only, and channels filled with aqueous media with un-concentrated and concentrated cells.

KEYWORDS:

THz spectroscopy; cell trapping; lab-on-a-chip; microfluidics

PMID:
27049392
PMCID:
PMC4850990
DOI:
10.3390/s16040476
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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