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Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2016;20(6):1109-14.

MicroRNA-138 inhibits proliferation of cervical cancer cells by targeting c-Met.

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Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital, Harbin, China.



MicroRNAs (miRNAs) function as important post-transcriptional regulators involved in a wide range of biological behaviors. MicroRNA-138 (miR-138) has been shown to play a critical role in tumor pathogenesis, the present study aimed to investigate the role of miR-138 in cervical cancer.


CCK-8 assay was performed to measure the viabilities of cancer cells. Quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and western blot were used to detect the mRNA and protein expression, respectively. Moreover, the miRNA target genes were validated with luciferase activity assay.


In the current study, we found that the expression of miR-138 was significantly down-regulated in cervical cancer tissues compared to the adjacent non-cancer tissues. CCK-8 assay showed that over-expression of miR-138 suppressed the proliferation of four cervical cancer cell lines including HeLa, SiHa, C33A and CaSki. By contrast, down-regulation of miR-138 promoted the growth of cervical cancer cells. In addition, increased expression of miR-138 led to a reduction in c-Met expression, whereas inhibition of miR-138 enhanced c-Met levels in cervical cancer cells. The luciferase reporter assay showed that c-Met was a direct target of miR-138 in cervical cancer cells.


These findings demonstrated that miR-138 inhibited cervical cancer cells proliferation via c-Met, providing a novel target for the molecular treatment of cervical cancer.

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